Pre-eclampsia and its complications in pregnancy

Pre-eclampsia is a syndrome that can occur from 20 weeks of pregnancy, probably due to a change in the maternal blood flow between the uterus and the placenta. It is one of the main causes of maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. 

Early detection of pre-eclampsia is key to the survival of the mother and foetus.


Pre-eclampsia is a serious complication that occurs in 3-5% of pregnancies.


Sometimes pre-eclampsia has no symptoms.


Pre-eclampsia is characterised by:
High blood pressure, in women who previously had normal blood pressure Oedema (build-up of fluid)
The presence of proteins in the urine in a higher concentration than normal (proteinuria) Reduction in kidney function
Liver problems Headaches


When is it appropriate to take the test?

This test is recommended for pregnant women who present the following risk factors:


  • Antiphospholipid syndrome 
  • Kidney disease
  • Pre-eclampsia in a previous pregnancy
  • Lupus erythematosus
  • First pregnancy
  • Chronic high blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Diabetes
  • Multiple pregnancy (twins, triplets etc.)
  • Family history of cardiovascular disease
  • Obesity

The best way to prevent pre-eclampsia is to conduct appropriate monitoring with regular antenatal check-ups with a gynaecologist and a blood test. The recommended blood test is:

  • Pre-eclampsia prognosis test


If you have any queries about your test, you can contact our team at: [email protected] and [email protected]


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