Pathological Anatomy is the part of anatomy which studies the anatomical alterations or modifications that appear in tissues and organs as the consequence of a disease.

Analiza’s Pathological Anatomy Service is directed by pathologists with extensive experience and specialised training, as well as graduate technicians of Pathological Anatomy and Cytology, who guarantee the correct treatment of the samples and precision in writing reports. Our laboratories are equipped with the best equipment, which guarantees maximum quality both in routine techniques and in histochemistry, immunohistochemistry and molecular pathology studies, under rigorous quality protocols.

At Analiza we have an effective consultancy service, made up of a panel of pathologists who are experts in different specialities, guaranteeing permanent support, precision and reliability in diagnosis, as well as in the resolution of complex cases.

This service improves pathologist-clinical communication as it allows the precise orientation of anatomopathological studies from the beginning of the assistance action, its control and discussion throughout the whole process, as well as reducing response times.

This is the extraction of a small piece of tissue to examine it under the microscope in order to reach a precise diagnosis, prior to more radical surgery. It is common to take biopsies of diseased tissue to diagnose disease, although biopsies may be performed to obtain healthy tissue with the aim of checking tissue compatibility for transplants.

This is the morphological diagnosis of lesions through the study of antigens and antibodies, which thanks to reagents colour the structures we want to demonstrate. This is a very useful tool in cancer diagnosis, and is currently essential for the proper classification of lymphatic and blood cancers (leukemia and lymphomas), as well as to help establish suitable treatment for breast (C-erb2), colon (EGFR) and stomach (C-kit) cancers, for example. In recent decades the use of Immunohistochemistry has increased progressively and it has been consolidated as an essential technology in routine pathological diagnosis. In general, and especially in oncological pathology, there are more and more pathologies which use Immunohistochemistry for their diagnosis and classification. The inclusion of new antigenic recovery protocols and the constant flow of new antibodies are significantly widening the scope of application, with new uses in diagnosis and prognosis.

Possible morphological alterations in cells which form the samples sent by professional doctors are studied. The samples are treated with varied cytological techniques in order to obtain cytological specimens which will be studied with a microscope. Cytology studies cells detached from closed cavities (peritoneal, pleural, spinal, synovial), structures connected to the outside (respiratory system, urinary tract, female genital tract) or surfaces (skin, mucous membranes). These are simple cytological methods but they are highly effective in the early diagnosis of many diseases.